The world's most popular way to learn Hindi online Learn Hindi in just 5 minutes a day with our game-like lessons. Whether you’re a beginner starting with the basics or looking to practice your reading, writing, and speaking, Duolingo is scientifically proven to work . hindi (masculine and feminine plural hindis) Hindi (pertaining to the Hindi language) Noun . hindi m (uncountable) Hindi (an Indo-Aryan language) Further reading “hindi” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans. TN Hindi 05:00 Add Comment Edit Cricket 17 Part 1 (600MB) Part 2 (365MB) Read More Subscribe to: Posts ( Atom ) Gta 4 Download For pc Free. GTA 5 for PC. Left 4 dead 2 game compressed. motogp game download. GTA san andreas. Battle los angeles game. Gta Vice City Download For pc. Don Bradman 14 Game. Igi Game download for pc ... Hindi song is an important music genre that is popular with the Indian natives, and foreigners who are keen about the Indian culture. But music has no borders, no ethnicity. Exotic tunes can be more heart-touching than the songs in your mother tongue. Featuring rich background and beautiful lyrics, Hindi songs are gaining increasing popularity among the people around the world. Hindi (हिन्दी) Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in India, and also in Nepal, Singapore and South Africa. There are about 615 million Hindi speakers worldwide, about half of whom are native speakers. You are here: Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability (VIP) Online library of road safety mass media campaigns Hindi definition, the most widely spoken of the modern Indic vernaculars, especially its best-known variety, Western Hindi. See more.
/Word_of_The_Hour is a community to help you expand your vocabulary. Every hour, a new vocabulary word is featured along with translations into 10+ languages including French, German, Hindi, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, and more. Visit us @ https://WordofTheHour.org
2020.09.20 08:56 rjpetersonHanzisize Browser Extension (now with 10 supported languages!)
Hi all, My name is Ryan and I've been learning a non-roman-alphabet-based language for a couple years now and I have often run into something of an annoyance while trying to read articles online... WHY IS THE TEXT ALWAYS SO DANG SMALL!!!!! Anyways, I know that the browser window can be zoomed in, and that there are already other extensions that can change text size, but I really didn't need to enlarge everything. I can read small English text just fine, and small images don't usually matter. I just wanted the non-English characters to be bigger without affecting anything else. Well, I developed this browser extension called "Hanzisize" that does exactly that. There is a simple language selection menu where you can select any of 10 supported languages and a input box for a "minimum font size". This means that whatever number you put in is the smallest size that text that will be allowed on the page. Text that is smaller will be enlarged, but text that is larger (news headlines, headers, etc) wont change. Current supported languages are: Arabic, Burmese, Chinese, English, Georgian, Korean (Hangul), Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, and Thai. The extension can be installed here for Chrome users: https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/hanzisize/jcljolcajgicemckjlgndbmoaeoobodk or here for Firefox Users: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/hanzisize/ I encourage everyone to try it out and post any feedback here or on the github page. Thanks!
Zayka recipes is all about indian food recipes, If you are looking for cooking Idea then it's great place for you. see like this types of recipe breakfast recipes in hindi and english, evening nasta, veg cooking recipe, lunch and dinner recipe.
2020.09.19 08:09 1fulcrumINDIAN SNACKS AND NAMKEEN
https://preview.redd.it/78ktk0qlp1o51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=855838c15419f0ef5f3fec63127e623fc747b2ec There's consistently a story holed up behind each tea meeting. Break time in India is viewed ashttps://fulcrum12.tumblr.com/post/629665091274653696/indian-snacks-and-namkeenone of the most essential experience, as it brings individuals closer to share their common emotions, which clearly implies, it ought to be made unique. What more exceptional is that tea in India is never tasted alone in any home, and is joined by either scones or bites, and we are afood product distributor in puneprovide for you that. Nonetheless, nothing can demonstrate ideal other than Namkeen. As much as Namkeen is enjoyed by individuals of all the age gatherings, no other tidbit thing is longed with such an enthusiasm. Namkeen is properly inseparable from mouth-watering Indian tidbits, arranged for all the taste buds, from sweet to pungent and harsh, and sufficiently competent to humor you in its extraordinary taste and all you get throughfood product marketing agency in pune.With the rising fascination of individuals towards this pervasive bite, the Namkeen Manufacturers have now brought to you an enormous assortment of flavors to savor during drink time, while being in office, at home or voyaging. At the point when unannounced cravings for food hit your snarling stomach, the delightful taste of Namkeen gives extreme comfort and interest your faculties in a totally bizarre manner. Namkeen or Namkin are Hindi words for savory or salty foods. The word is probably derived from the Hindi word for salt, which is Namak. Khaara, Farsan, Chevda, Sev, Chips, Bhajiya, Mixture are some other names of Namkeen, used in different parts of India. Namkeen ofIndoreandRatlamis very famous for its taste. A mixture ofspicydry ingredients such aspuffed rice), savoury noodles (sev) andpeanuts. It is available in most parts of India, though it is known by different names in different regions. Sev is an awesome chomping nibble of India. It is a tidbit appears as though noodles and produced using gram flour. Different, food specialists, food bloggers and foreginers continue coming to India, and they give their own intriguing definitions about Sev, subsequent to seeing it just because. I am certain, in the wake of perusing this definition's, a delicate grin will move all the rage. Peruse underneath: https://preview.redd.it/vgqw4fmqp1o51.jpg?width=798&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b261fbc87133dc0b46b8def11fae8ddd35da4a1a Sev are crisp fried sticks Sev are fresh seared sticks of expelled chickpea-flour batter (the word sev may be gotten from a word for 'string' which originated from the root siv, alluding to sewing). Sev vendor is sure to appear anywhere Sev rivals peanuts as India's most well known crunching nibble. Anyplace individuals accumulate, a sev merchant makes certain to show up with a combination of newly made singed noodles. A few noodles are zesty and spaghetti-thick, while others are extremely fine and unseasoned. Indian version of American trail mix Sev is utilized to make the Indian variant of the American path blend, rotisserie sev refried in explained spread with dried organic product, bubbled potatoes, diced onion, puffed rice, or different fixings and more hot flavors. Delicious fried vermicelli snack Sev is a tasty seared vermicelli tidbit that is produced using besan/gram flour. Enjoy Sev with Indian Masala Chai The firmness of the sev vermicelli adds to the surface and kind of the chaats. Many like to relish the Sev all things considered with their "Masala Chai" (Spiced Indian milk Tea). Greasy and attractive It appeared to be properly oily and appealing (essentially like any slim singed noodle, aside from short and wavy) For more detailsclick here.
2020.09.19 03:24 stormykaraHuskies Vote! - Make your voice heard
It was always important, but recent events have solidified the importance of voting and making your voice heard this election cycle. I will try my best to keep this post updated with accurate and current information. If something is inaccurate or something has changed, please leave a comment below. First, in order to be able to vote here in DeKalb, you must be registered to vote here in DeKalb. If you are registered to vote in your hometown, you must vote there.
Early voting begins September 24th and ends November 2nd. Early voting takes place in-person at the Holmes Student Center.
If you are a student living in the residence halls and are registered to vote in DeKalb County, you'll vote at the Barsema Alumni and Visitors Center. (Source) If you are living off-campus but are still registered to vote here in DeKalb, you can use this website to find your polling place. If you registered to vote by mail, are voting for the first time, and didn't provide your driver's license number, state ID number, last 4 digits of your Social Security number, a copy of a current and valid photo ID, a utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check, or other government documentation that shows your name and address, or a student ID and mail postmarked to you at your residence, you'll need to provide one of these when you vote in person during early voting or on Election Day. (Source)
If the polls close while you’re still in line, stay in line – you have the right to vote.
If you make a mistake on your ballot, ask for a new one.
If the machines are down at your polling place, ask for a paper ballot.
If you run into any problems or have questions on Election Day, call the Election Protection Hotline:
English: 1-866-OUR-VOTE / 1-866-687-8683
Spanish: 1-888-VE-Y-VOTA / 1-888-839-8682
Arabic: 1-844-YALLA-US / 1-844-925-5287
For Bengali, Cantonese, Hindi, Urdu, Korean, Mandarin, Tagalog, or Vietnamese: 1-888-274-8683
If someone is interfering with your right to vote:
Examples of voter intimidation
Aggressively questioning voters about their citizenship, criminal record, or other qualifications to vote.
Falsely representing oneself as an elections official.
Displaying false or misleading signs about voter fraud and related criminal penalties.
Other forms of harassment, particularly harassment targeting non-English speakers and voters of color.
Spreading false information about voter requirements.
You do not need to speak English to vote, in any state.
You do not need to pass a test to vote, in any state.
Some states do not require voters to present photo identification. This includes Illinois!
It’s illegal to intimidate voters and a federal crime to “intimidate, threaten, [or] coerce … any other person for the purpose of interfering with the right of [that] other person to vote or to vote as he may choose.”
What to do if you experience voter intimidation
In many states, you can give a sworn statement to the poll worker that you satisfy the qualifications to vote in your state, and then proceed to cast a ballot.
Report intimidation to the Election Protection Hotline at 1-866-OUR-VOTE or 1-888-VE-Y-VOTA (en Español).
Report it to your local election officials.
If you are told you are not on the list of registered voters:
Voters are entitled to a provisional ballot, even if they aren’t in the poll book.
After Election Day, election officials must investigate whether you are qualified to vote and registered. If you are qualified and registered, they will count your provisional ballot.
What to do
Ask the poll worker to double-check for your name on the list of registered voters. Make sure to spell your name out for the poll worker.
If your name is not on the list, ask if there is a supplemental list of voters.
If the poll worker still cannot find your name, confirm that you are at the correct polling place:
Request that the poll workers check a statewide system (if one is available) to see if you are registered to vote at a different polling place.
If the poll worker does not have access to a statewide system, ask them to call the main election office.
You can also call 1-866-OUR-VOTE and ask for help verifying your proper polling place.
If you are registered at a different location, in most instances you will have to travel to that location to cast a regular ballot.
If the poll worker still cannot find your name or if you cannot travel to the correct polling place, ask for a provisional ballot.
If you are turned away or denied a provisional ballot, call the Election Protection Hotline at 1-866-OUR-VOTE or 1-888-VE-Y-VOTA (en Español).
Report your experience to local election officials.
Be sure to wear your mask and be safe when you go out to vote. We all deserve to have our voices heard because we are the future of America.
2020.09.17 19:46 davirowroMondly Language Learning MOD
App Name:Learn 33 Languages Free - Mondly Description:Learn Spanish 🇪🇸🇲🇽, English 🇬🇧, French 🇫🇷, German 🇩🇪, Portuguese 🇵🇹🇧🇷, Italian 🇮🇹, Russian 🇷🇺, American English 🇺🇸, Norwegian 🇳🇴, Danish 🇩🇰, Dutch 🇳🇱, Swedish 🇸🇪, Korean 🇰🇷, Japanese 🇯🇵, Chinese 🇨🇳, Arabic, Greek 🇬🇷, Romanian 🇷🇴, Vietnamese 🇻🇳, Indonesian 🇮🇩, Hindi 🇮🇳, Hebrew 🇮🇱, Polish 🇵🇱, Bulgarian 🇧🇬, Ukrainian 🇺🇦, Hungarian 🇭🇺, Czech 🇨🇿, Croatian 🇭🇷, Finnish 🇫🇮, Persian (Farsi), Afrikaans, Thai 🇹🇭, Turkish 🇹🇷, Bengali 🇧🇩, Catalan, Latin, Latvian 🇱🇻, Lithuanian 🇱🇹, Slovak 🇸🇰, Tagalog 🇵🇭 and Urdu 🇵🇰 for free. Playstore Link:https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.atistudios.mondly.languages&hl=en Mod Features: unlimited time and acces to all languages
2020.09.17 15:05 Efnan_AkUsage of ML Kit Services in Flutter
https://preview.redd.it/1xl2wk8khpn51.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=56f0b077b7532a2077d2b7a77da52d54b7f357a5 Hello everyone, in this article, we’ll develop a flutter application using the Huawei Ml kit’s text recognition, translation and landmark services. Lets get start it. About the Service Flutter ML Plugin enables communication between the HMS Core ML SDK and Flutter platform. This plugin exposes all functionality provided by the HMS Core ML SDK. HUAWEI ML Kit allows your apps to easily leverage Huawei’s long-term proven expertise in machine learning to support diverse artificial intelligence (AI) applications throughout a wide range of industries. Thanks to Huawei’s technology accumulation, ML Kit provides diversified leading machine learning capabilities that are easy to use, helping you develop various AI apps. Configure your project on AppGallery Connect Registering a Huawei ID You need to register a Huawei ID to use the plugin. If you don’t have one, follow the instructions here. Preparations for Integrating HUAWEI HMS Core First of all, you need to integrate Huawei Mobile Services with your application. I will not get into details about how to integrate your application but you can use this tutorial as step by step guide. Integrating the Flutter Ml Plugin 1. Download the ML Kit Flutter Plugin and decompress it. 2. On your Flutter project directory find and open your pubspec.yaml file and add library to dependencies to download the package from pub.dev. Or if you downloaded the package from the HUAWEI Developer website, specify the library path on your local device. For both ways, after running pub get command, the plugin will be ready to use. https://preview.redd.it/kk3umv8ohpn51.png?width=363&format=png&auto=webp&s=571d07b747337f64043fb808ecec4011b5bc08f5 https://preview.redd.it/10hgny8ohpn51.png?width=394&format=png&auto=webp&s=1f0f3f3947d21ca3a33c253a665a0fd6acb3e3ed 1.Text Recognition The text recognition service extracts text from images of receipts, business cards, and documents. This service is widely used in office, education, transit, and other apps. For example, you can use this service in a translation app to extract text in a photo and translate the text, improving user experience. This service can run on the cloud or device, but the supported languages differ in the two scenarios. On-device APIs can recognize text in Simplified Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Latin-based languages (refer to Latin Script Supported by On-device Text Recognition). When running on the cloud, the service can recognize text in languages such as Simplified Chinese, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, French, Russian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Finnish, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Turkish, Thai, Arabic, Hindi, and Indonesian. Remote Text Analyzer The text analyzer is on the cloud, which runs a detection model on the cloud after the cloud API is called. Implementation Procedure Create an MlTextSettings object and set desired values. The path is mandatory.
Here’s the result. https://preview.redd.it/e14fe1zwhpn51.png?width=899&format=png&auto=webp&s=3e438d698fdebc3fbe2d9fbb7088e9e88e87713f 2.Text Translation The translation service can translate text into different languages. Currently, this service supports offline translation of text in Simplified Chinese, English, German, Spanish, French, and Russian (automatic model download is supported), and online translation of text in Simplified Chinese, English, French, Arabic, Thai, Spanish, Turkish, Portuguese, Japanese, German, Italian, Russian, Polish, Malay, Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian, Danish, and Korean. Create an MlTranslatorSettings object and set the values. Source text must not be null.
Here’s the result. https://preview.redd.it/g573dxr3ipn51.png?width=377&format=png&auto=webp&s=94539a2dbf124b1871df09780200bfb927e5fad2 3.Landmark Recognition The landmark recognition service can identify the names and latitude and longitude of landmarks in an image. You can use this information to create individualized experiences for users. For example, you can create a travel app that identifies a landmark in an image and gives users the location along with everything they need to know about that landmark. Landmark Recognition This API is used to carry out the landmark recognition with customized parameters. Implementation Procedure Create an MlLandMarkSettings object and set the values. The path is mandatory.
Then call getLandmarkAnalyzeInformation method by passing the MlLandMarkSettings object you’ve created. This method returns an MlLandmark object on a successful operation. Otherwise it throws exception.
2020.09.17 09:55 removalbot09-17 07:55 - '**Original source video** (in Hindi): [लॉकडाउन असंगठित वर्ग के लिए मृत्युदंड जैसा साबित हुआ।]. / Discussion on Rahul Gandhi's Talk on Economy here: / - [Rahul Gandhi's ELI5 on Indian Economy (Part 1): Modi Govt. Creating Unempl...' by /u/think-not removed from /r/india within 22-32min
''' Original source video (in Hindi): [लॉकडाउन असंगठित वर्ग के लिए मृत्युदंड जैसा साबित हुआ।]1 . Discussion on Rahul Gandhi's Talk on Economy here:
[Rahul Gandhi's ELI5 on Indian Economy (Part 1): Modi Govt. Creating Unemployment and Poverty by Destroying India's Informal Economy, to Drive Down Wages for Crony Capitalists.]2
[Rahul Gandhi's ELI5 on Indian Economy (Part 2): DEMONETISATION was done to Waive of Rs. 68,607 CRORES of Debt of Rich Businessmen, while Destroying India's Informal Economy]3
[Rahul Gandhi's ELI5 on Indian Economy (Part 3): Flawed GST was an attack on MSMEs (informal economy) and is a factor for 35 LAKH indians losing jobs; Failed GST has left the centre pauper and it is unable to pay Rs. 2.34 LAKH CRORE dues to states today.]4
Rahul Gandhi's ELI5 on Indian Economy (Part 4): Lockdown without Notice hurt the poor and MSMEs; Congress demand for reliefs for them were ignored and the RICH corporates instead got tax reliefs of Rs. 1.45 LAKH CRORE
2020.09.16 22:17 DaeAbbicciHow is the quality of the Duolingo Hindi course? Is it worth checking out?
I'm interested in learning Hindi mainly because of India's large population. I already know English, Mandarin Chinese, and Spanish, so I have familiarity with other languages that have large numbers of speakers. Hindi seems like a logical next step to take, and the 2.5 million learners on Duolingo might agree with me. It also helps that it's an Indo-European language that will probably be easier to learn, which is reinforced when I saw a guy learn it in 24 hours: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RQ1paU_WNM However, I am aware that it is a vastly different language from English. Of course it's nowhere near as easy to learn as Norwegian, which has a reputation for being a well-designed course on Duolingo. I already have over 200 crowns on Duolingo Norwegian without coming across any difficult roadblocks, and I'm not sure I'll get so lucky with other languages. Plus, it seems that Hindi is only really spoken in parts of central and northern India called the Hindi belt: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindi_Belt Is this language worth learning just for fun? Is the course well-designed enough to prevent people from being discouraged due to it being too hard? Is there a chance that I may find Hindi useless anyway because people from southern India don't speak it at all? Or should I give it a shot and just stop until I'm done or get bored of it?
2020.09.16 12:54 anoceandropAtul Kulkarni is one of the finest actors we have today but why don’t we see more of him? Article by Tatsam Mukherjee Scoopwhoop
𝗜𝗻𝘁𝗿𝗼𝗱𝘂𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻: Atul Kulkarni is an Indian film actor who works primarily in Hindi, Marathi, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu language films. Kulkarni won the National Award for the best supporting actor for the films 𝙃𝙚𝙮 𝙍𝙖𝙢(2000) and 𝘾𝙝𝙖𝙣𝙙𝙣𝙞 𝘽𝙖𝙧(2001). He is also the president of Quest, a research-action organization concentrating on enhancing quality of education. He left his study in engineering at COEP (College of Engineering Pune ) while in his first year. Born on September 10, 1965 in Belgaum (Belagavi) city, Karnataka State, India - Kulkarni received his diploma in acting from National school of Drama in 1995. Kulkarni's first stint with stage was during his high school days. He participated in the Maharashtra State Drama Competition regularly. Between 1989 and 1992, he won awards for Acting and also for Drama-Direction. Atul enacted in Gandhi Viruddh Gandhi, the play made later famous by Dilip Prabhavalkar in Marathi professional theatre circuit until mid-90s. Later during his college days he actively participated in cultural gatherings. While studying, Atul joined Natya Aradhana, an amateur theatre group from Solapur. Atul Kulkarni holds a postgraduate diploma in dramatic arts from National School of Drama, New Delhi. Atul Kulkarni, a national-award winner and a fine actor, expresses his belief of art being a product of social, political and economic changes in the society. 𝗔𝗿𝘁𝗶𝗰𝗹𝗲 𝗯𝘆 𝗧𝗮𝘁𝘀𝗮𝗺 𝗠𝘂𝗸𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗷𝗲𝗲: Madhur Bhandarkar has been reduced to a parody-version of himself, and we can safely conclude that after the amateurish Indu Sarkar (2017). However, he started strong with 𝘾𝙝𝙖𝙣𝙙𝙣𝙞 𝘽𝙖𝙧 all the way back in 2001. And one of his best gifts to the world remains the character of Potya Sawant. In a film, which chronicles the life of the unfortunate ones in the underbelly of the city, Atul Kulkarni was a seamless fit as the mercurial gangster. Complimenting Tabu's calm with his volatile rage, Atul Kulkarni was consistently unsettling each time he appeared on screen. This would be his breakthrough performance, even fetching him recognition during the National Awards. Kulkarni, has since nearly always settled for strong characters amongst rich ensembles. And even as he appeared next in Bhandarkar's 𝙋𝙖𝙜𝙚 3 (2005), the film which gave him room to really display his acting chops in the midst of some truly gifted actors was Rajkumar Santoshi's 𝙆𝙝𝙖𝙠𝙚𝙚 (2004). Playing the role of a terror suspect Dr Iqbal Ansari, Kulkarni spoke volumes with his eyes in scenes featuring the charisma of the likes of Amitabh Bachchan, Akshay Kumar and Ajay Devgn. Channeling his inner Om Puri from Aakrosh (1980) , Kulkarni left most of his dialogues to the 2 meltdowns he has in different stages of the film. Bollywood's tendency to stereotype supporting actors meant that Kulkarni would soon appear in a flurry of negative characters. However, Kulkarni even navigated that path tactfully as he always managed to bring a newness to most of his characters. Playing the part of corrupt cop 'Encounter Shankar' in E Niwas's 𝘿𝙪𝙢 (2003), he brought a an unpredictability to it. Like when he pops into a scene singing Kambakht Ishq right before a confrontation. Or the way he looks at the stitches on his face, in the mirror. Even while playing the Hindu right-wing activist Laxman Pandey in Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra's 𝙍𝙖𝙣𝙜 𝘿𝙚 𝘽𝙖𝙨𝙖𝙣𝙩𝙞 (2006), he brings a degree of humanity and ideology to it. The arc from being a man who honestly believes in Hindutva to seeing how his religion is merely a tool in the hands of the politicians to ascertain their vote-bank, is something Kulkarni makes worth witnessing. It's gradual and it happens through a series of moments. It takes place through a series of glances between Laxman and Ashfaq, and how it develops from alienation to mutual admiration, and both Atul Kulkarni and Kunal Kapoor are fantastic in their roles. The actor's best came between the last few months of 2009 and early 2010. Playing a simpleton 'Gobar' in Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra's ensemble cast of 𝘿𝙚𝙡𝙝𝙞 6 (2009), the actor shone the brightest in a cast which including names like Vijay Raaz, Pawan Malhotra, Om Puri, Deepak Dobriyal, Divya Dutta and Rishi Kapoor. And soon after that, he stole the limelight with his own rendition of the alpha-male and the effeminate in Ravi Jadhav's 𝙉𝙖𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙜 (2010). Depicting the journey of an 'artist' overcoming family, friends and gender-bias, Kulkarni's stirring performance earned him widespread acclaim all across India & nomination for Best Performance by an Actor at the VIFF Vienna Independent Film Festival in 2010. Since the turn of 2010, Kulkarni has been selective about his projects doing the odd, mediocre Bollywood film like Raees(2017) or The Ghazi Attack(2017). As it usually happens character-actors get sidetracked in the long runs, unless they're willing to repeat themselves. Kulkarni even tried the web in Nagesh Kukunoor's 𝙏𝙚𝙨𝙩 𝘾𝙖𝙨𝙚 (2017) on Alt Balaji. Sadly, the series didn't make it past the pilot. Kulkarni seems to have figured that out too, by participating in regional films too including Marathi and even down South. He's a solid actor and not writing characters that challenge his immense talent, is our loss too. And like it usually happens with the likes of Kulkarni, we won't realise it until it's too late. Post the release of this article we saw him appear in the web series Bandish Bandits(2020) released on Amazon Prime. The story takes a dramatic turn when Digvijay Rathod (played by Atul Kulkarni) marks his entry by challenging Pandit Radhemohan Rathod (played by veteran actor Naseeruddin Shah) to a musical duel. Source : 1. Scoopwhoop 2. Atul Kulkarni Wiki
2020.09.15 02:20 PatrykOfTheIslesReal life counterparts to TES Races: A study.
You've seen a post like this a million times. A good one was made just the other week. But the information on these posts always feels a little lackluster to me, so I wanted to try and do a proper research project to help consolidate the information that's out there. Youtube pickings on this topic also felt lackluster, so I've put together a video with most of this information for those who prefer a more visual format. If that method of learning appeals to you, I would love your feedback on how I did. Most of us have probably made some correlation between the Elder Scrolls races and IRL historical cultures. After all, most fantasy worlds draw direct inspiration from historical civilizations. Ultimately, no TES culture completely mirrors one IRL culture, but I thought it would be fun to come up with civilizations as close as possible, and why (as much as possible). To make my judgements, I'll be comparing using a combination of:
Traditions & Stories
Some races will get more love than others, but that's usually because there was less need to prove a point, or there wasn't anything else interesting for me to add. Because of my affinity for Argonians, I will start with Black Marsh and go in a counter-clockwiseish movement. Enjoy the fruits of some months of research!
Argonians - Mesoamericans
Equal parts Aztec + Mayan. At first glance, this is given away aesthetically by their feathery dress, swampland, icons, stone pyramids, culture revolving around impermanence, etc. But their names and language tell a deeper story. After some study, I've decided that Uto-Aztecan Nahuatl most reflects the Argonian Jel language.
Jel names are made of up consonant sounds most common in Nahuatl, including Nahuatl's famous "tl" sound
Both languages use similar consonant glottal stops - while Mayan includes ejective stops
Jel word order is OSV or OVS (depending on whether subject is a pronoun). Aztec & Mayan are VSO, but Nahuatl has some fluidity to allow for VOS; a rare subject-third movement, like Jel. We like adaptability when we talk about Argonians.
Inca Quechua is on another level, and morphs words depending on tense. Too complicated and time-sensitive for Jel. So why the silly Imperial names like Lifts-Her-Tail and Murky-Waters? Well, consider American Indian names you might be familiar with. Crazy Horse = Tȟašúŋke Witkó; Great Jaguar Paw = Chak Tok Ick'aak. All badass names which when translated to English, might sound silly to us, but names which can hold great respect in their respective societies. Like Argonians and their translated names. Anyway, to wrap up the Argonians, I'd like to lastly point to the Xanmeer pyramids. It's prevalent in dialogue in ESO to explain a return to a simpler time. But similar to the Mayan pyramid city disappearances, these Argonian pyramid builders mysteriously disappeared, and became less technologically advanced centuries later. Oh yeah, and if you thought you knew about the horrors of slavery/plantations from the African-American Slave Trade, just take a look at the Spanish Encomienda colonial system of the 1500-1600s.
Dark Elves - Assyrians
(but tbh a huge Eurasian Synthesis mixed w/ Star Wars) So one of my favorite pieces of Dunmer trivia is that many caves and names of Daedric ruins have names similar to Assyrian kings. Furthermore, looking at a map of Ziggurats/Pyramids of ancient Mesopotamia, we can see the prefix Tell- and Ur all over the place. Yeah, Dagoth-Ur was named before Morrowind, and Ur is also German. But I decided to go with this b/c it's reasonable to assume the devs adapted it to be Middle Eastern, if it wasn't already. Not to mention "cantons" is used by Middle Eastern countries for sections of a state. Also Vivec's cantons always remind me of depictions of Babylon's Hanging Gardens. Also, don't forget those Dwemer beards, representing a people (the DwemeMesopotamians) who lived in this land before (the DunmeAssyrians). Speaking of Middle Eastern, most Hlaalu Houses have some incredible Middle Eastern influences. We also have confirmed Star Wars influences on MW's development, explaining Tatooine-esque towers, houses, and old Velothi strongholds, and general Sci-Fi/Fantasy aesthetic of the province. All of those Tatooine influences in turn come from the Middle East. Ashlanders. This is where it can get very Mongolian/Indigenous. I would agree with the Mongolian comparison for the most part, but if you wanted to extend the Middle Eastern thing, you could also attribute Middle Eastern Turkic Tribes to Ashlanders... who also have yurt-culture, colorful dress, and acknowledge themselves to live outside a modern civ. Religion*.* Vivec is Shiva, no doubt about it. Vivec is a confirmed hermaphrodite, who often takes his male form. Shiva's half-blue depictions are actually a combination-being with his wife Parvati, called Ardhanarishvara. Maybe Almalexia is comparable to Adi Parashakti, the other form of Parvati. But MK actually gave us his main inspiration for the Tribunal- Aleister Crowley's Thelema cult religion - concerned with living magic. Thelema basically worships 3 main gods: Nuit, Hadit, and Ra-Hoor-Khuit (2 gods, 1 goddess). Did I mention these were ancient Egyptian gods, likely known by the ancient Assyrians? Indoril architecture, especially in Mournhold, is also pretty Japanese. Don't forget the cool Japanese-looking ships in Mournhold. Lastly, the Middle East has a huge history of slavery, so no need to compare it to other famous slave states.
Nords - Vikings
If it wasn't obvious. You might also say the various holds represent varying degrees of different Norse peoples. And the Skaal are easily comparable to the Sami people of Finland with their lifestyle, unique nature god/spirit worship, removed from mainstream Norse, etc. Dovahzuul was inspired by ancient cuneiform, but with the ability to be written by a dragon's claw. Interestingly enough, the language of Dovahzuul is most certainly inspired by Old English word form & naming conventions. Names like Beowulf (Bee Wolf) or Odahviing (Snow Hunter Wing) don't make literal sense when translated, but convey elements of the character. See thuum.org for an amazing study on this.
Bretons - Bretons
(Bretons = Frankish Kingdoms; Reachmen = Gallic Celts) In the video essay, I decided to first blanket both Bretons and Reachmen as Bretons - the ones from France's Brittany, that is. For those who don't know, Bretons in TES have some elf blood. Reachmen are considered "indigenous" to the region, and thus treated as their own race by many accounts. Then, we can make a Bretonic split with the more "civilized" Bretons representing the more "Frenchified" side of HIgh Rock - especially with names like Renoit, and Maucroix. Reachmen represent the Celtic side of the region - especially with names like Madanach, and Scraeg. I've recently seen the Forsworn compared to the IRA, both technically famous for being known as a terrorist faction, after centuries of fighting for dreams of independence, but unrecognizable by skin color alone to their oppressors. Like Medieval France, frenchy Bretons have mixed blood royalties constantly fighting with each other, cross-regional warring with a desert faction down south, and a common place to live out stereotypical, Arthurian medieval times, being probably one of the most Western Europe influenced of the provinces.
Orcs - Mongols (w/o horses)
(but really represent all "fringe people") Mongols is the clear aesthetic choice. But Orcs honestly just represent every fringe culture who's had to assimilate in some way to a disagreeable, prevailing society. Ostrogoths/Bulgars to Rome. Mongolians/Manchurians to China. Scots to Britain. American Indian Reservations to Americans. In almost every fantasy setting after Lord of the Rings, Orcs were made as an allegory for barbarians. They're often given a hunger for conquest and battle. Some of you may know that the Romans frequently referred to the Gothic fringe-folk as barbarians, but also frequently included them in their legions. Just like the Empire in Tamriel does with the Orcs. I make the connection with American Indians mostly because of the modern reservation system. If you commit a crime in one of Skyrim's Orc strongholds, for example, the Nordic holds do not hold the authority for that crime. Similarly, American reservations are mooostly (not really) treated like sovereign nations. If you commit a crime, you are subject to their laws. Recently, ESO has upped the Northeastern Asian influences on Orcs. Check out these Manchurian Tengzhuan jackets in the Crown store. Yeah, their MW armor looks kinda Japanese/Chinese, but that still doesn't exclude them from being fringe folk there. Orcs were once from Asian-influenced Alinor, after all. Makes sense their armor looks like something Asian, but favors functionality over style.
Redguards - Saracens
(Yokudans = Japanese) Curved swords. Corsairs. Turbans. Camels. Arabian nights vibe is clear. I'm going with Saracens, but you could really think of Carthaginians, Berbers, or Ottomans to add to their cultural influences. I always think of classic Medieval Islam vs Christians when I look @ DF's map, especially when compared to a Mediterranean map. Reinforced by the fact that these Illiac Bay states have a huge history of warring with each other. Recently I've seen the Forebears being compared to the more N African parts of the Saracen realm, and Crowns compared to the more Arabic bits (reinforced by monarch tendencies), but I'm not sure how deep that theory can really hold up. Yokuda's Japanese influences have been explored really well in a Fudgemuppet video. Already the "lost continent" of Yokuda reminds me of Atlantis or Mu, but Yokuda is unquestionably Japanese in its influences.
Yokudan Ansei "Saints of the Sword" => Japanese Kensei "Sword Saints".
Elden Yokuda Randic Torn, succeeded an assassinated dictator, and took swords from all non Sword Singers => Shogun Oda Nobunaga, succeeded a seppuku'd dictator, and took swords from all non Samurai
Both Yokuda & Japan diminished Emperor power in favor of local rulers, until a military dictator (Elden Yokuda / Shogun) ruled all.
Undefeated Duelists in 100s of duels: Yokuda's Frandar Hunding, Japan's Miyamoto Misashi. Hunding wrote "Book of Circles". Miyamoto wrote "Book of Five Rings".
Religion. Not much to say, but Redguard religion, when not comparable to the 9 Divines, always gave me a Voodoo vibe. Not really backed up except by the Redguard pantheon names, like Tall Papa, comparable with Voodoo's Papa Legba. Might just be making these conclusions because of TESA: Redguard's pirate aesthetic. Also the Dwemer existed in the Hammerfell-before-time. Dwemer:Redguards :: Mesopotamians:Saracens??
Imperials - Roman Italians
Not much else to say here. Ken Rolston very intentionally made Imps an allegory for Romans by the time Oblivion came around. You have legates, emperors, legionaries, world conquest, Vicis, Ciceros, uncivilized fringe cultures over their borders and in their armies, imperialization of other lands, Bruma is latin for winter solstice, etc. etc. etc. Colovians = more East European medieval with city names like Kvatch & Skingrad. Also Cyrodilic and Cyrillic sound ridiculously similar, but that's just speculation now. Nibenese = represent a little more West Europe, Mediterranean Romans, especially with their rice growing. In fact, 80% of Europe's rice comes from Italy and Spain.
Khajiit - Indians / Romani (Gypsy)
This can get complicated, because we have Persian/Romani in the Ta'agra language, Indonesian/Burmese in some architecture, and misc culture & geography with India. "Indians" is a convenient blanket-term for each, since all of these cultures' influences can be connected to India, as well. This includes the common Gypsy comparison. The Romani (Gypsy) have linguistic roots in India's Rajasthan. They are a people who gradually came West. So the Gypsy thing doesn't exclude them from being Indian, either. I've seen some epic Ta'agra studies by u/Geckat and u/pHScale, as well as the Ta'agra Project. I really like the Persian comparison to the language. I wouldn't say Ta'agra is Arabic; Arabic is a rare Verb-1st language VSO, and has grammatical gender. Persian, Hindi, Romani, and Ta'agra all lack grammatical gender. Ta'agra is often seen using SVO, like Romani. Also imo hearing Romani spoken just sounds more like the Khajiit accent than all the others. Romani is a language full of loan-cognates, too. Like Ta'agra. Just check out these cognates in S'rathra's dialogue in Redguard.
Shijoh = sit
In'tenurr = in the night
Pofamer = poor farmer
India's geography, like Elsweyr's, features tropical beaches, rainforests, and deserts. India's biggest desert, in Rajasthan, is literally called the Thar Desert like the Khajiiti Riddle'Thar, god of Cosmic Order. India also has a god of cosmic order, uniquely enough. I'm also convinced S'ratha is named after Siddhartha). Architecture in ESO is extremely Indonesian, and has those Bhuddist/Burmese temples, similar to Angkor Wat. Keep in mind, these Bhuddist temples were frequently seen in Indonesia too. And keep even in more in mind, both these Bhuddist and Hindi temples have their roots in India. So we're right back to where we started, in India. The Malay/Indonesians were also influenced by the Arabs, which we connect to Romani, which we connect to India, so it's still India-influenced. Like the Romani, the Khajiit come from that part of the world we call elsewhere/Elsweyr.
Wood Elves - Iroquois
(with some Tolkien/Celtic influence) A few things sold me on this. First, the "Mourning War" is 100% ripped off from the Mourning War policy of the Iroquois Confederacy. Basically, when a tribe member died in war, the tribe would be compensated by the other side - by way of having their village looted and members kidnapped, essentially brainwashed, and initiated as a tribesman of the other side to restore balance. Sounds weird, but it's a spiritual, nature-balance thing, very fitting of the Bosmer. Wood Elves in every Tolkien-esque fantasy are basically always about being in touch with nature, and an allegory for primitivism as a result. Bosmer have this with the Wild Hunt, cannibalism, and the Green Pact - a conscious rejection of "modern", Imperial ways. All these things remind me of American Indians during colonial times, ancient Celts. Not to mention Tolkien - who based his elves off of Celts (Sindarin is super Welsh-influenced).
High Elves - Imperial China * *
\*(with heavy Tolkien influence, and some discernible European themes)* So there's this map ZOS recently came out with depicting an obvious Greek aesthetic to the Altmer. And the Aldmeris (Altmer) really did form the basis of modern civilization on Tamriel. Greeks had a superiority complex, were conquerors, were manipulators. So, it's fair to say Greeks, I think, but personally the similarities end there. To me, Imperial China has all of these things and more. They too were stupid influential to their surrounding area, soon-to-be-subjects. Ridiculously advanced technologically for their time, probably more so than the greeks, and founded philosophies that are either practiced today or influenced modern schools of thought. Let's not forget to mention the amount of flute licking European nations often did to get on the Chinese Emperor's good side in the Medieval era. What's more, Altmer domestic culture have a high emphasis on honorable actions, improving yourself, and doing your part for your nation and kin. Like China & E Asia, High Elves also honor their ancestors, and make the law very personal. Criminals, like Mother of Rats, are completely ostracized from society for even seemingly small crimes. Also, let's not forget to mention Auridon's awesomely Asian motifs all throughout its architecture. On the other hand, Alinor represents almost everything architecturally Gothic and extravagant about Europe's Renaissance, so go figure. On religion, they do have a god called Xarxes. But my favorite religious find comes from u/Guinefort1, who linked the Altmer religion to Gnosticism. Both embrace a world-as-a-prison mentality created by a hostile trickster god, like Lorkhan. Both had gods ascended in front of their followers, like Auri-El. Both emphasize the spirit being superior to the material - something High Elves are very well known for. Unfortunately that carries over to the Nazi-like Thalmor. But genocide for the sake of pureblood, superiority, is not historically exclusive to the Nazis. China and the East are no strangers to this either in their own history. END I wanted to focus on the playable races, as the other races have kind of been done before, and imo not enough information on them that would make me contribute much more information on them. Maomer are probably Maori though.
Due to the number of questions Mandahrk received from the community, the interview exceeded reddit's character limit, and will be split into two parts! The questions from the NSI team will be in this post, and the community questions will be included in the second. You can read part two here. Tell us a little about yourself. Hello everyone! I am a 25 year old civil engineer from India. I grew up in towns so small they didn't have proper internet connections until the mid 2000s and little me couldn't even have imagined that one day I would be writing for a large international audience like this. As one of the few, if not only, writers of your nationality and history on NoSleep, are there any distinct challenges you find in your writing and interactions with the subreddit? The love and support I have received from this community has been nothing short of incredible. I certainly did not expect this. When I first started writing for nosleep I was worried that my stories won't be good enough and that if I write about India people won't easily connect with them, simply because the setting is so unfamiliar to most of the sub. But since I was mostly writing for myself and since I had seen WriteChrisWrite's series based on Hindu mythology do really well I stuck to my guns and lo and behold - my first story to crack 5k upvotes - the first part of a series - was as Indian as it gets, and unlike the aforementioned series that focused on immigrants in the United States, it was set in India, had Indian characters and even referenced Indian TV shows in the first part itself. The success of that story gave me the confidence to begin carving a niche for myself on the sub. I saw that people were craving for content from other parts of the world, as it keeps horror fresh. It's why Japanese monsters are all the rage right now. And so I began writing about myths and legends I grew up with, about characters based on people I personally knew, and the response was great! To be the first writer from India to get a modicum of popularity on nosleep was (and is) absolutely a big honor for me. But of course I didn't want to be typecast as just "the Indian guy", so I experimented and the next story that blew up was from the perspective of an American character. This was a whole new challenge for me as I'm not American, and the only knowledge I have of American life is through books and films and TV shows. So I focused on universal themes and that made it much easier for me to connect with people from all around the world - things that scare you, things that you treasure - you can touch the hearts of people from any nationality if you focus on the core human experience. I mean, to my utter surprise, my 'This is why mimes are much more terrifying than clowns' is astonishingly popular in Vietnam of all places. There's even an animated video of it in Vietnamese that's now sitting at over half a million views. Just incredible. Of course the internet being what it is, I also got some hate. But I just used that hate to fuel my creativity. When did you first become interested in horror? I was about 4 years old when 'woh' was airing on TV. It was an Indian adaptation of Stephen King's IT and its opening was scary enough to rival American Horror Story at its best. My father thought it would be a good idea to watch the show with me on his lap. It wasn't. It scared me so bad that I would start bawling at the mere sight of this clown doll that I had. My parents had to throw it away. And I used to love that doll. But I wasn't just frightened, I was also fascinated. I craved that adrenaline rush that consuming horror fiction gave me. There were other Indian horror shows airing at that time - shhh koi hai, zee horror show, Aahat, Aap Beeti and others that I would try to watch behind my parents' back. Soon I graduated to Hollywood horror with The Descent, the Saw series etc before moving onto Japanese horror. I remember watching the ring on cable TV when my parents weren't home. Gave me nightmares for weeks. I loved it. Was there a specific moment you knew you wanted to write in that genre? I'd say it was when I got a copy of my high school's magazine and read a horror short story by a senior. I had always been interested in writing fantasy, but I knew that it was a long term goal and that my writing needed to improve in preparation for that. And the best way to do that was by writing short stories. I just didn't know what kind I wanted to write. But after I read my senior's story, I knew what I wanted to do. I read some Stephen King shorts and wrote my first one about a kid who's selling lemonade to his neighbours while his mother's corpse rots in his house. I would write every now and then but didn't really get serious about pursuing writing as a hobby until last year. For nosleep. That's a very creepy early story! Where else have you found inspiration? Have real life experiences ever made their way into your work? Inspiration is everywhere. You can find stories hidden in the most mundane of things. You just need an active imagination. I was out on a run the other day and saw this girl taking her pregnant dog out for a walk and I thought wouldn't it be funny if she gave birth to a human baby? And I turned that into a story. My first story to hit the top spot - Every night for the last 18 years someone has been sneaking into my bedroom and sleeping next to me - is based on my childhood fears. I was terrified of sleeping on my side because I would keep imagining someone lying down behind me and gently caressing my back. The character in the story stacked pillows next to him - something I very much used to do. Hide'N'Seek is also drawn from experience. I was playing that game at a friend's house, and I did see someone lying down like a corpse on a ledge when it was my turn to search. See, when you're writing a story you should remember that only if it scares you will it have a shot at scaring others. Not otherwise. That's why it's important to keep it personal. Every night for the last 18 years someone has been sneaking into my bedroom and sleeping next to me features a pistach, and you mentioned admiring a fellow author's series featuring Hindu myths. Do you have plans to incorporate other myths and creatures from Hindu theology and culture in your future writing? Absolutely. India is such a mesmerizing country. Culture, language, food - everything changes here every 100 km or so and there is just a treasure trove of myths and legends waiting to be explored. I'm glad that there are finally horror movies like Tumbbad that are starting to dig deep into local mythology and I can't wait to do the same in my stories. Your story Fake News feels so relevant in our times of technology, social media, and mass panic, often stemming from rumors with no factual support. No matter where in the world one lives it seems people from all cultures have fallen victim to this epidemic. Was this story based on something that actually happened in your area? Yes. The story is based on an actual spate of lynching that occurred in India in 2017. Dozens of people were killed in separate incidents over baseless child abduction rumors that appeared out of nowhere and spread through whatsapp groups like wildfire. Mob violence isn't anything new in India, there have been numerous riots that have occured since independence in 1947. But in almost all of these incidents, the riots were organised by political parties - fanning flames of hatred with incendiary speeches, spreading fake news, organising mobs and providing weapons to them, deliberately holding back the police or even having them participate in the killings etc. However in the 2017 killings, no political party was overtly involved - they were completely organic, carried out at the grassroots level by common people themselves with no provocation. And that terrifies me - the idea that perfectly normal people can suddenly turn into monsters and kill in broad daylight for absolutely no reason just scares the living hell out of me. Ever since then I've been interested in the role social media plays in our lives. How can people, even those who are highly educated, fall for just the most unbelievable, fact-free nonsense they read on the internet and turn into blood thirsty monsters? How did you discover NoSleep? What prompted you to begin writing for it? It was late 2015 and I was in college. It must have been around 3 am and I was sitting in front of the clock tower with a group of friends around a small bonfire exchanging ghost stories. A friend of mine gave me a list of the scariest horror shorts on YouTube. One of them was an adaptation of the 'smiling man' creepypasta. I discovered nosleep the next day. And I've been hooked ever since. During this time I came across inaaace's air traffic controller story and it was the scariest thing I had ever read. I knew then that I wanted to write for nosleep and try and scare others as much as this story had scared me. Eventually I graduated college, got over my procrastination and hesitation and finally began writing last year. My 'This is why mines are much more terrifying than clowns' was a homage to him and I think it's why so many people who read that story found it to have a 'classic nosleep' feel to it. Because it was meant to be that way. What NoSleep stories and/or authors have had the strongest impact on you? There are so many authors here who've had an impact me and continue to influence my work that I'm afraid I'll end up forgetting about some people. But anyway, here goes nothing. inaaace - for his absolutely terrifying imagination. WriteChrisWrite - for his all you can eat diner series (which is no longer there on nosleep as it is being adapted into a TV show) where he used monsters from hindu mythology, which gave me the confidence to start writing about things that I'm most familiar with. TheJesseClarke - for expanding my understanding of horror. dopabeane - for her mesmerising prose. verastahl and Mr_outlaw_ - their work helped me create my own extended universe. The_Dalek_Emperor - one of the all time greats of nosleep. Borrasca, room 733, all classics. Max-Voynich - for introducing a surrealist element to horror that was sorely missing on nosleep. Seriously, his writing is a treat for the senses. Literally everyone over at /thecrypticcompendium. Having the opportunity to pry open their skulls and peer into their imaginations has been a fascinating experience. There are so many others - u/nslewis, u/fainting--goat, M59gar, headofspectre, samhaysom, Cymoril_MelniboneElias_witherow, searchandrescuewoods, harrison_prince, TheColdPeople, dariuspilgrim, 1000Vultures, bloodstains, magpie_quill, Coney-IslandQueen. Some stories on nosleep that etched themselves onto my memory, in no particular order are - Left/Right game by NeonTempo - imaginative concept executed flawlessly. What happens when the stars go out by thejesseclarke - makes my bawl every time I read it. Third Parent by Elias_Witherow - the only story on nosleep that I haven't been able to bring myself to read again. Uncle Gerry's family Fun zone by red_grin - it is the perfect horror short story and each read reveals something new. What is the most terrifying thing you have personally experienced? When I was 12 I had this mole on the small of my back that was gradually increasing in size. Swelling up like a little balloon. I showed it to my parents and they took me to the doctor, who told us that it was a benign tumorous growth that would have to be removed. It was the most scared I've ever been in my life. To stop myself from bursting into tears in the hospital I kept pestering the nursing staff with questions. They were really professional and helped me keep my nerves in check, to the point that I was pretty quiet when they wheeled me into the operating theatre and knocked me out with an anaesthetic. Thankfully the surgery went smoothly and I even got to see the chunk of flesh they cut out of me! We're so glad you were able to have it taken care of and are okay, that's so frightening! You mention another real-life fear in your story Manpig, where you delve into the topic of bullying, and the horrible results it can have. What prompted the story, and its notably grim ending? I actually wrote that to subvert what I believe has become a bit of a trope on nosleep. There have been many stories about physically unappealing, almost monstrous people/creatures that seem terrifying on the surface, but are in fact just misunderstood and even end up befriending the protagonist. The only evil that exists in such stories comes from "normal" people. I thought it would be a fun sleight of hand to get everyone to sympathise with Manpig only to reveal him as a monster in the end. Another reason that it ended on such a dark note is that it was a deliberate choice. I find myself struggling with grim endings, it's hard for me to kill off characters I love. The thing is that horror is at its most memorable when it leaves you feeling hopeless at the end. That's why I've been making a conscious effort to try and make my readers feel despair by the time they finish reading. At least in some of my stories. What are some of your biggest influences from media? Stephen King. Because obviously. I don't think there's anyone writing horror today that hasn't been at least somewhat influenced by the man. I also really love Shirley Jackson. Her prose took some getting used to but once I did, I enjoyed her work immensely. She's great at slowly playing with your mind and her characters are some of the most well fleshed out in horror. There's also Joe Hill, Thomas Olde Huevelt (HEX was devastating), Adam Nevill, Paul Tremblay, Victor Lavalle, and Mark Danielewski (house of leaves is such an inventive book). Moving away from horror I'm a huge fan of Arundhati Roy - she cuts through the wilful ignorance and hypocrisy of privileged Indians in a way that is very rare for writers over here. Then of course there is Dr. Ambedkar, whose Annihilation of Caste continues to be the most revolutionary thing I've ever read. Amitav Ghosh, Salman Rushdie, Khushwant Singh (his stories on partition of India are awe-inspiring) - all legends. I also devoured Premchand's stories as a child, but his work is a part of the hindi literary tradition. Now growing up, I loved fantasy. Lord the rings was the first book I ever truly fell in love with. It was a tattered old thing when I bought it, and is still one of my most treasured possessions. I have the fondest memory of searching for old books with my father at Daryaganj in Delhi. (Oscar Wilde, Shakespeare, Dickens - I was introduced to all the classics because of this street market.) My mother is a huge book lover as well. She's got trunks and trunks of books - everything from Enid Blyton to Jeffrey Archer and Mario Puzo. Got my love of reading from her. The series Every year for the last 3 centuries our town has been sacrificing its women to protect the world is an edge-of-your-seat ride documenting a man and his harrowing experience with something...otherwordly that has his town in its grip. Since you mentioned Shirley Jackson, was this story, however much more fleshed out, initially inspired by her classic tale The Lottery? It absolutely was! I loved the idea of the lottery - generation after generation following a violent ritual that they don't even understand or question anymore. Letting some inexplicable horror become a part of your life - what a fascinating concept. And it is set in a small town too - the most fertile ground for horror. I wanted to do something similar - write about a cold Himalayan town, but didn't want to explore the same themes in the exact same way. So I turned Shirley Jackson's subtle psychological horror about blindly following tradition into a popcorn thriller, wove it into my extended universe and it became my favourite story that I've ever written. Do you ever plan on revisiting Rocky and the group he works for? Yes! I have outlines of multiple series planned out in my head already and will be going through them one by one. In fact, I'm current writing a series set in the universe. Other than writing, what are some of your hobbies? What other creative mediums do you enjoy? I absolutely love music. I will literally listen to anything. From Rammstein to Frank Ocean to Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, my playlist is a hodge podge of genres. Hell I was just listening to Black Pink's latest song a couple of days ago. The tonal shifts in my playlist can be so jarring they can give people whiplash. But my first love will always be Punjabi music. Give me some Jassi Gill or Sidhu Moosewala and I'm ready to bring the house down. Apart from music I love acting. I was involved in the theatre scene in high school and college but decided not to pursue it. From improv to street plays to staged productions - I've done it all, in both English and Hindi. I'm a bit of an introvert, but just love being on stage. I was once so into a performance I dislocated my shoulder. Finished my part though, before collapsing in pain when I was alone. Popped that fucker right back in myself. But the damn thing ended my chances at playing for my college's basketball team. Do you ever explore writing other genres besides horror? If so, what other styles of writing? Which do you prefer? Oh yes. I wanted to write my own high fantasy epic after reading the Lord of the Rings. Still do. But it's on the back burner for now. For when I'm a better writer. At the moment I'm content with writing horror and exploring its different facets. How much time do you spend writing in an average day or week? Do you have any rituals that help you focus? When I'm not working on a series I generally average around 3-4 hours a week. I don't really have rituals as such. I just write whenever I have some free time and the mood strikes me. Though I do at times listen to music to set the mood. Especially if I'm writing an action sequence. In that case I generally fall back on classical music - like Mozart's Lacrimosa or Handel's Sarabende or even Vivaldi's four seasons. If you're writing violence to thrill, and not to horrify, finding elegance in it is the way to go. And listening to classical music helps me get into that mindset. When crafting a piece of fiction, do you generally start with an outline or simply begin writing? It really depends on what I'm writing. Sometimes it'll be an idea that goes off in my head like a lightbulb and I'll write the story down in less than half an hour. No outline, no idea of how it's going to end, I'll just go with the flow and see where the story takes me. 'Every night for the last 18 years someone has been sneaking into my bedroom and sleeping next to me' began as a sentence and I wrote the first part in 16 minutes. I actually saw how much time it took. On the other hand, some stories will be meticulously planned. Like the 'I just met the lone survivor of a village that disappeared over 200 years ago' series and the 'My Home Owners Association seems to be a little too passionate about enforcing its rules' series were all planned out from start to finish and it took me weeks to write them. Wow! That's some intensive planning. Your HOA series takes an inventive approach to the common "rules" series we see on NoSleep, with all the rules being fairly typical and benign, but the consequences of breaking them proving fatal. What led you to the concept, and in particular, the revelation that the people behind the rules are white supremacists? Rules based stories have been doing really well on nosleep for a while now and I knew that I wanted to do my own spin on them. It's certainly not the first such series I had written either. My rule-breaker series was also a subversion of the concept. I love playing around with ideas - to see how I can stand out from the crowd and do my own thing. After wracking my brain for a while I eventually decided to write about rules that appear perfectly normal at first glance but something sinister is lurking just beneath the surface. It was awesome, because not only was it a novel concept, but having "normal" rules added an extra element of mystery and suspense to the story as well. That's because when you see a rule in a story and it tells the protagonist to ignore the little girl that walks the hallway between 3:03 AM and 3:13 AM, you as a reader are already somewhat aware of what's going to happen. But when there's a rule specifying that trash cans must not be kept outside the allowed hours, you're completely in the dark and are left wondering - what could the possible consequences of that be? As to why white supremacists? I'll answer that in the next question :) Have you received any backlash for including racial elements in your stories? How do you approach the topics with the appropriate gravity and awareness? Funnily enough, I got absolutely zero backlash for the series and the response was overwhelmingly positive. In fact, it was the other way around - racial "backlash" was what prompted me to write the story in the first place. When my grandfather, who fought in the second world war once told me a story that has haunted me ever since hit 6k upvotes, I got a slew of racist messages from this one guy who kept creating accounts specifically to hurl racist abuse at me. It incensed him to see an Indian do so well on the subreddit. Bigots just can't handle the fact that the world is rapidly changing around them. It made me laugh. And I thought okay buddy, now I'm gonna write about a middle aged Muslim man killing a bunch of neo Nazis in suburban America. But it's not like I wrote that series specifically for that one guy. With so much ethnic strife around the world I had wanted to write about tolerance, and about being intolerant of intolerance, and that is why, to me - the inclusion of David in the HOA series was so important. Here's an old white man, as patriotic as they come, with an American flag fluttering outside his house, who's also lost his son to the endless war on terror, but still refuses to give in to hatred, and actively fights against it. He's the embodiment of my belief that a better world is possible, and his bond with his muslim neighbour becomes the most significant aspect of the series. Another one of your in-depth series, The Inheritance Game - What exactly would you be willing to do for $300 million?, is incredibly intricate, with the plot relying heavily on the interactions of the characters. How far in advance did you draft out the story, and who the ultimate survivors would be? Inheritance Game was my own take on the battle royale genre (belko experiment, hunger games etc). I wanted there to be a cerebral element to the old kill everyone else mayhem and so added to the stress that my characters would go through by forcing them to think, to do calculations, to form alliances and more. I planned it out from the start to finish and was so happy that I was able to distract most of my readers from who the mastermind was. It was the first time that I had used red herrings and misdirection and it worked out fabulously. Planning it was a bitch though - I had to make a chart to keep track of all the characters and how they were related to each others. Thankfully, one of the readers, Reflaxo was kind enough to draw a family tree on paint and it really helped! We've seen other bizarre will readings in media in the similar (though far less deadly) The Westing Game, and the twisting whodunit Knives Out, among others—if you were to do your personal twist on the idea, what odd stipulations would you place in your own will? You know what? It would be fun to have some sort of a treasure hunt in my will. Whoever gets to the goal first gets to keep all the money. This would of course be only if I hate my family (which I don't). Now that I think about it, this would make for a great sequel to the Inheritance game - have people go around some city solving sinister, often fatal puzzles while they plot against each other - a terrifying race! But damn, just thinking about the planning that this would require gives me a headache. Have any of your stories ever involved research? If so, what was involved? Almost all of them. When I'm writing from the perspective of an American character I have to do research on the tiniest of things. What kind of architecture is common there, what materials are used to build a house, what do people eat, how are law enforcement departments structured, radio call signs used by the military - things that might be ordinary to you isn't so much for me. Hell, I even made a post on nosleepooc asking about what HOAs are like. Are there any topics you feel are too controversial for you to address or that you prefer not to explore in your writing? I think don't think there are any topics that are too controversial to be addressed, as long as they are handled with proper care. Personally, I like to explore anything and everything in my work. I believe that writing and/or reading about the most horrific things can have a cathartic effect and can help us deal with the pain that comes to be associated with these events. But these topics (sexual assault, transphobia, racism etc) must be treated with respect or else it's just exploitative. What are your feelings toward NoSleep's immersion/plausibility rule? What impact, if any, do you think the suspension of disbelief format may have when transitioning your work toward a mass audience unfamiliar with NoSleep? I am of two minds when it comes to this rule. On hand it sets this platform apart as its own thing and helps weed out a lot of what would ultimately end up becoming extremely repetitive stuff. It's only because of this that nosleep isn't choked with series after series about the zombie apocalypse. It also forces writers to be a bit creative and does away with the 'I was dead the whole time' cliche to an extent. I also enjoy the role playing aspect of it. Quite a bit actually. Especially when its a long series and everyone is invested in it. On the other hand, I hate how almost half the comments end up being deleted because of the immersion rule. Feedback, praise, criticism - these are all important and they all end up being removed. Sometimes I'll scroll past a story with hundreds of comments and it'll just be a sea of [deleted], [deleted]. The comments we get on our stories are little packets of memories for us and it's annoying to see them get deleted. Do you have any favorite reader reactions to your writing? I love any and all reader reactions! I am grateful that I have the opportunity to share my imagination with other people. And it's even more special when my stories are able to connect with someone. When they're invested in seeing where a series will go, when they're touched by a story or get shit scared or even repulsed - it really warms my heart. Seeing my name and my stories pop up in recommendation threads makes me ecstatic. But if I had to pick the most memorable reactions I've seen, I think I would go with the girls sending me links to their onlyfans accounts via dms and comments on my story about the platform ;) What story or project are you most proud of? 1st November 1984. It was an incredibly personal story and it was very difficult for me to write. But I'm really proud of how it turned out. I'm glad that it ended up being one of my most popular stories and that I could bring the truth of that horrible event to so many people. The heartfelt messages I received from people on the sub and from other Sikhs who found the story really made my eyes water. It's been 36 years since the anti-sikh genocide and justice has still not been served. And that makes it so important that its history is remembered and passed down from generation to generation. It's extremely satisfying that I could contribute to that in my own small way. What an amazing way to use NoSleep to shine light on a horrific time in history that took so many lives. 1st November, 1984 brought forth an outpouring of comments from people whose families had been affected, in addition to those who were learning of this tragedy for the first time. You can feel a strong sense of solidarity among your readers and a thankfulness for bringing knowledge about such a dark time. Did you expect to get such a response from this story? You say it was personal—did you have family impacted by this, and if so, was it cathartic to share this story? Is there ongoing turmoil and trauma in your country due to these events? I didn't think that the story would get this popular. But I'm so glad that it did. Like I said, it's been 36 years since the pogrom and we still haven't seen justice. Court cases are still dragging on and many of the killers have died natural deaths. There's just so much unresolved trauma in the Sikh community. The rot was so systemic back then - everyone from police to politicians to media to bureaucracy - all were involved in spreading hate and organising the genocide. Keeping quiet and bottling it all in became the norm for our families, for fear of state reprisal. It got so bad that many young Sikhs living in the west today are unaware of the extent of the tragedy. I know that just reading that story was cathartic for many older Sikhs and the heartfelt messages I received are a testament to that fact. I'm so glad that I decided to write it. We need to remember what happened in 1984. If we can't get the victims justice, the least we can do is remember them. Forgetting their suffering might be an even bigger crime than what happened all those years ago. Writing it and spreading awareness about the genocide to so many people was a tremendously gratifying experience. I must say here that it's only because of TheJesseClarke's As I walk through the valley of the shadow of death that I realised that there was space for stories like this on nosleep. And yes. My family did suffer in 1984. My dad's family lost their home (which was later taken over by someone else), their business and had to shift to Punjab (a traditionally sikh dominated state in India) with nothing but the clothes on their backs. My Dad was in college back then, and had to make the terrifying journey all alone. My mother's family faced the same. They were boycotted by their neighbours and had to ultimately pack everything and travel over 2200 km to get to safety. Thankfully, no harm came to any of them. But they knew plenty of people who were butchered, especially in Delhi which was the epicenter of the violence. 1984 was the biggest reason why despite being born in a Sikh family I've never had long hair and have never worn a turban. I grew up to be an atheist, but I still feel like what could have been a part of my identity was robbed from me. What's the most valuable lesson you've learned since you began posting to NoSleep? I'm sure others have said this, but upvotes don't really say everything there is to say about the quality of a story. There are many factors that decide whether a story becomes popular on nosleep or not, and its quality is just one of them. In fact, one of my favourite series - little house on Briar rose drive - barely cracked 100 upvotes. It really taught me to write for myself first and foremost instead of always worrying about whether other people will like it or not. Not to mention there is something special about writing a series that hovers around 500 upvotes or so but with the same 15-20 people commenting on each part. It's like telling a campfire story to your friends. That intimacy is somewhat lost when your story hits the top spot and you're more focused on other things instead of just enjoying the ride. (Psst - that doesn't mean I don't feel gutted each time a story of mine fails to hit the #1 spot. But that's fine. Failures help me appreciate successes more). As a successful author on NoSleep, do you have any advice for new contributors? Oh gee... Me? Successful? Why, thank you very much! To anyone considering posting on nosleep or those who already have a couple of stories out on the sub, I would just like to say that practice makes perfect. Keep writing. The only effective way to get better at one's craft is by working on it. Don't worry about writing the perfect story or getting negative reactions, just start writing. And put yourself out there. Get over that hesitation and post you story! Let others see your work. Crossing that hurdle is the first and the most important step in any writer's journey. One thing I'd like to add here, is that just writing isn't enough. If you keep writing in a vaccum you'll soon end up plateauing and you'll be stuck at a certain skill level. You may even end up developing some bad habits - like repeating words, character arcs etc. To break through you'll need an extra push. What might that be, you ask? Reading. But don't read as a reader, read as a writer. Stories on nosleep, horror books recently published, other books in other genres - read everything that grabs your interest. And see how writers write. Take notes if you have to. Because I do. Sentence construction, character development, use of metaphors, how to build suspense - you can learn a lot, just by changing how you read. Read, till you find your own 'voice'. And then read some more. Next - Get in touch with other writers. Show them your work. Ask for help. Look for ways to improve your craft. Feedback is important. Feedback from people who know what they're doing is priceless. Your advice for writers to read more is truly some of the best advice we've heard. To bear the fruit, you must also ingest the fruit. You are what you eat and all that. So, looking forward, what are some of your short-term and long-term writing goals? I am currently working on a series that I would like to put out as soon as possible. There's also a collaboration with three other authors that's been stuck in development hell for months now. Would like to get that show on the road as soon as possible. Long term writing goal - I want to get a book published in India in the traditional way. Something to do with magical realism. Due to the number of questions Mandahrk received from the community, the interview exceeded reddit's character limit, and will be split into two parts! You can read part two here.
2020.09.13 16:12 HitchhikingToNirvanaTurkish for Travelers in Turkey - where can I learn it?
Hello everybody! I am planning on visiting Turkey soon, going from Istanbul all the way to Van, and checking out many places on the way! For this, I would like to learn a little bit of Turkish beforehand - but the "real" Turkish. Meaning, I don't need complicated grammar, fancy words, but rather the kind of language I can use with the taxi driver or tea seller... So basically something like this: Hindi for Travelers in India - only for Turkish! Does anybody have a lit like this which includes greetings, numbers, questions like the ones mentioned in the article, some slang as well! That would be awesome! Thanks!
2020.09.12 18:26 EdTechAdventurerToucan raises $3M to teach you new languages as you browse the web
https://techcrunch.com/2020/09/11/toucan-funding/ As someone who has really enjoyed Chrome extensions like Flewent in the past, I'm excited to see how this startup does at fixing the common problems I see in a lot of word-swap extensions, like mistranslations and mis-conjugations. Side note: Has anyone else had a good experience with language learning apps? I'm trying to learn Hindi but its not an option on Duolingo :(
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